Eye injuries always have the potential to be serious, so you should seek emergency care when one occurs, even if it seems minor. If you delay treatment, you run the risk of damaging the eye further and causing long-term complications. Here is a look at some common eye emergencies and how they are treated in the ER.
Corneal abrasions occur when the cornea is scratched by a foreign object in the eye, poorly fitting contacts, chemical exposure, or excessive rubbing. When an abrasion occurs, you may experience pain, sensitivity to light, blurred vision, and a persistent feeling that you have something stuck in your eye. In the ER, the doctor may prescribe antibiotic eye drops or ointments to prevent infection. You may also need eye drops to ease the pain, and if you are having problems with light sensitivity, your doctor may tape your eye. As your eye heals, avoid wearing contacts and rubbing your eyes.
Orbital Blowout Fracture
An orbital blowout fracture occurs when one or more of the bones of the obit that protects the eye and holds it in position are broken. Typically, this kind of fracture occurs when something hits the eye with force. Blowout fractures can be serious and need immediate emergency care. If you are not experiencing any vision problems and the fracture is minor, the doctor may prescribe decongestants to reduce the backup of blood and other fluids in the sinuses and steroids to reduce swelling. If the fracture is severe or if you are having any vision difficulties, you will need surgery to repair the injury.
Iritis refers to inflammation of the iris. It can occur as the result of an injury, such as a poke in the eye, or because of an underlying medical condition. If you have iritis, you may experience significant pain, blurry vision, and headaches. Iritis is typically treated with medicated eyedrops that reduce inflammation and reduce muscle spasm so that the iris can heal. Treating any underlying condition that is contributing to the iritis can also help.
When you need emergency care in San Jose, choose Good Samaritan Hospital . We provide emergency care for patients of all ages around the clock with access to the full scope of our hospital services. To learn more, please call (888) 724-2362.