The most common allergens children encounter
Allergic reactions occur when the body’s immune system incorrectly identifies a harmless substance as a threat. The allergen is the substance that triggers this abnormal response. Some allergic reactions are serious enough to warrant emergency medical care at Good Samaritan Hospital. Our pediatricians offer family-centered, compassionate care with a focus on promoting health literacy to empower parents in our San Jose community.
Food allergies are among the most common types diagnosed in children. According to the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology , up to six million American children are allergic to at least one food. Because food allergies can cause life-threatening anaphylaxis, children with these allergies are often prescribed epinephrine auto-injectors to use at the first sign of an allergic reaction.
The most common food allergens for kids are peanuts and milk. Other allergens can include:
- Tree nuts
Allergies to milk, wheat, eggs and soy may not last a lifetime when diagnosed in childhood. However, allergies to fish, shellfish, peanuts and tree nuts are different, and they often produce the most serious reactions.
Lots of allergens can be found in the great outdoors, including stings and bites from insects. Tree and plant pollen allergies will produce symptoms at around the same times each year. These symptoms can include:
- Itchy, watery eyes
- Runny nose
- Postnasal drip
Some of the most common indoor allergens are dust mites, mold and animal dander. Allergies to animals can be troublesome for children who love pets. Consider talking to your child’s pediatrician about the types of hypoallergenic pets that won’t cause your child discomfort.
Good Samaritan Hospital is a trusted provider of superior pediatric care and emergency care for families throughout the greater San Jose area. Our board-certified doctors are uniquely qualified to care for the specialized needs of the youngest of patients. Call 911 if your child needs emergency care for a severe allergic reaction, or, for non-emergent inquiries only, call a registered nurse at (888) 724-2362.