Exploring the Causes of Type 1 Diabetes


Type 1 diabetes is a serious disease that is characterized by the body’s inability to produce insulin. Usually, individuals with this disease are diagnosed in childhood. However, it is possible to be diagnosed during adolescence or adulthood. Although there is no cure for type 1 diabetes, it is possible to manage the disease with the help of a care team at your local hospital . A physician at your community hospital can help you understand your disease better and answer any questions you may have about it.

The Role of Insulin

Before you can understand how type 1 diabetes develops, it can be helpful to have a basic understanding of the role insulin plays within the body . Insulin is a hormone produced by an organ called the pancreas. When you consume food, your blood sugar level becomes elevated. In response, the pancreas releases more insulin, which enters into the bloodstream. Insulin works to stabilize blood sugar levels in the blood by helping glucose, or sugar, enter the body’s cells, where it can be used as fuel. Insulin also facilitates the storage of extra blood sugar in the liver and muscles. In short, insulin is critical for keeping your body running properly.

The Absence of Insulin

If you have type 1 diabetes, it means that the cells of the pancreas that secrete insulin are destroyed in an autoimmune reaction. Without those cells, the pancreas can no longer release insulin or it can no longer release sufficient levels of insulin. This means that insulin is no longer available to escort blood sugar into your body’s cells. This is why patients with type 1 diabetes must use injections of insulin.

Good Samaritan Hospital is proud to provide exceptional healthcare services to members of the San Jose community, including emergency care, cardiac care, and maternity care. Our physicians and other staff members work closely with patients with diabetes to help them learn how to properly manage their condition and reduce the risk of diabetic complications. If you wish to speak to a registered nurse, you may call the Consult-A-Nurse referral line for our hospital at (408) 559-2011.

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