Depression is a behavioral mood disorder that affects people of all ages and backgrounds; it can be a temporary affliction or an ongoing problem that may require medical treatment from a mental health specialist. Your primary physician may diagnose you with depression, but specialized care is ideal for managing this condition. Here is a look at the different types of depression that can occur:
Major depression: This type of depression is characterized by the symptoms most often associated with depression: changes in sleep patterns, appetite changes, feelings of sadness and hopelessness, and thoughts of suicide. The condition can be recurring or only last the span of a single episode, and it is typically treated through prescription antidepressants and professional counseling.
Postpartum depression: The NIH reports that 10-15% of women experience postpartum depression after giving birth. This serious condition is brought on by the physical and hormonal fluctuations caused by childbirth, and it can be a threat to mothers and their children.
Psychotic depression: This condition represents a dual diagnosis of depression and psychosis. Combined, these disorders can cause signs of depression along with hallucinations and delusions that distance an individual from reality.
Bipolar disorder: People suffering from bipolar disorder will experience regular episodes of depression in cycles of mood changes that include manic highs and depressive lows. Bipolar disorder is less common than major depression, and it may be misdiagnosed as depression depending on the nature of manic episodes.
Dysthymic disorder: Long periods of minor depression symptoms are an indicator of dysthymic disorder. Patients with this condition are typically able to work and participate in some regular activities, but they do experience a lack of normal functioning. Dysthymic disorder can also lead to regular episodes of major depression.
To understand more about these disorders and the treatment options available to manage them, seek behavioral healthcare at Good Samaritan Hospital in San Jose. Contact us on our website or call (408) 559-2011 to explore our services offered by a highly skilled team of psychiatrists, social workers, therapists, and licensed psychiatric nurses.