What Constitutes a High-Risk Pregnancy?
If a woman becomes pregnant, there are steps that she can take to help reduce her child’s risk for chronic medical issues and complications during pregnancy. A good diet, regular exercise, and a healthy lifestyle can go a long way in helping to keep a developing child free of medical problems. Unfortunately, some women have medical issues before and during pregnancy that can cause serious issues for the mother and baby if not managed properly by a skilled specialist or maternity hospital. Some of the risk factors for experiencing a high-risk pregnancy are:
- Being too overweight or underweight
- Previous issues with pregnancy
- High blood pressure (hypertension), diabetes, HIV, or other pre-existing health conditions
- Too young or too old maternal age
These conditions can adversely affect the development of the child and may cause other complications during the pregnancy that make it high-risk. Some conditions that can develop during a woman’s pregnancy include:
Preeclampsia occurs when a woman’s blood pressure elevates during pregnancy. Changes can also be seen in blood levels if liver enzymes and protein are detected in the urine. This condition, if left untreated, can be fatal to both mother and child or lead to long-term medical issues.
- HIV or AIDS
HIV or AIDS causes damage to the mother’s immune system, preventing her from effectively fighting illness. This virus can be passed to a developing child, but there are ways to effectively prevent this from happening.
- Gestational diabetes
Different than type-1 or type-2 diabetes, gestational diabetes refers to a type of diabetes mellitus that occurs only temporarily during pregnancy. As long as she keeps her blood sugar levels under control and follows her doctor’s treatment plan, a woman can still have a healthy pregnancy with this condition.
Other chronic medical problems, such as diabetes, breathing, or kidney issues, can become exacerbated during pregnancy. If you are planning to start a family, be sure to consider consulting your physician about how to maintain excellent health for you and your baby during the process. At Good Samaritan Hospital , we provide a wide variety of high-quality amenities to a new mother and her family. Contact us at (408) 559-2011 to learn more about our services.