If you’re planning some fun in the sun this summer or if your job
requires you to be outdoors, it’s a good idea to become informed
of the dangers of heat-related illnesses. Individuals, who are already
ill, are working out in high temperatures and humidity, and those who
are very young or old are particularly susceptible to heat-related illnesses.
Heatstroke is the most severe heat illness and it requires
Heatstroke can be a serious condition; however, it is preventable. You
can reduce your risk of heat-related illnesses by avoiding alcoholic beverages,
wearing appropriate clothing for the weather, and drinking plenty of fluids
throughout the day. If you plan to exercise, consider working out indoors
in the air conditioning or exercise outdoors during the early morning
or evening hours. While you’re outdoors, take frequent breaks in
the shade or air conditioning to cool off. Before getting into a car that
has been parked in a sunny area, turn on the air conditioning and wait
for it to cool down.
Identifying the Symptoms
different stages of heat illness. The first is heat cramps, which involves symptoms such as fatigue, thirst,
and muscle cramps. If left untreated, it may progress to heat exhaustion,
which is characterized by dizziness, weakness, headache, nausea, and dark
urine. Lastly, heatstroke can cause fever, confusion, rapid and shallow
breathing, irrational behavior, seizures, and unconsciousness. If left
untreated, heatstroke may cause organ failure, brain damage, and death.
Responding to Heatstroke
If any of the symptoms of heatstroke are observed, you’ll need emergency
care at a nearby hospital. Call 911 right away. While waiting for the
emergency responders, move to a cool area, lie down, and elevate your
feet. Sip a sports drink or salted water, if available. Otherwise, sip
a cool, non-alcoholic and non-caffeinated beverage.
Good Samaritan Hospital of San Jose is fully equipped to handle any medical emergency, including
heatstroke. Our emergency care team also provides rapid evaluation and
treatment for patients who require cardiac care. To inquire about the
healthcare services at our community hospital, please call (408) 819-0558.
If you require emergency care, please call 911 immediately.